𝟏𝟔𝒕𝒉 𝑫𝒆𝒄, 𝟏𝟕𝟕𝟑
The Boston Tea Party is one of the key events in the run up to the American Revolution in April 1775.
Many people assume the event was simply people throwing tea off a ship, however, there is much more to the background.
𝑾𝒉𝒂𝒕 𝒎𝒂𝒌𝒆𝒔 𝒕𝒉𝒊𝒔 𝒆𝒗𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝒔𝒐 𝒊𝒎𝒑𝒐𝒓𝒕𝒂𝒏𝒕 𝒊𝒏 𝑨𝒎𝒆𝒓𝒊𝒄𝒂𝒏 𝒉𝒊𝒔𝒕𝒐𝒓𝒚?
🔷 During the 18th century Britain had fought various battles around the world while defending its global empire, and its government was running out of money.
🔷 During the 1760s and early 1770s, Britain passed a series of regulations raising taxes on the 13 colonies of America on lots of items such as sugar, newspapers, and even playing cards.
🔷 Many colonists were becoming increasingly upset. They had two main complaints.
🔸 First, they believed the taxes were too high and hurt business in the colonies.
🔸 Second, they complained of “taxation without representation,” meaning that colonists were not allowed to post representatives to England to speak for their interests, which they thought unfair.
𝑵𝒐𝒘, 𝒘𝒉𝒂𝒕 𝒉𝒂𝒑𝒑𝒆𝒏𝒆𝒅?
🔷 On the night of December 16, 1773, roughly 60 colonists dressed up like Indians and infiltrated a docked British boat holding a large supply of tea.
🔷 They dumped about 342 chests of tea into the sea, worth almost $18,000 at that time.
🔷 This was the first act of defiance by the Americans against the British, and led to shouts in the streets of “Boston Harbour is a teapot tonight!”
🔶 There was a second Boston Tea Party a few months later, and other colonies had their own tea parties afterward.
🔶 The financial loss of $18,000 at time would be equivalent to a value of $1 million in today’s terms.
🔶 The tea dumped was Chinese, not British.