Saturday evening on the 11th of August, 1973 was a party to be remembered. DJ Kool Herc hosted a Back To School jam at 1520 Sedgwick Avenue in the Bronx, New York City. This day is considered to be the ‘Birthday’ of Hip-Hop!
Clive Cambell a.k.a DJ Kool Herc, (coming from the word Hercules) was a Jamaican-American who was instrumental in creating the sound of Hip Hop. With his Jamaican roots, Herc encouraged the crowd to dance using the unique style of rapping over the music.
The ‘Kool’ DJ was famous for his “Merry-Go Round,” technique that he used to elongate certain parts of the same record by extending the beat that set the mood for the dance floor. Those sections became popularly known as breakbeats.
Herc knew just the right spot to create a loop by spinning the records in front of the crowd using the two turntables and the crossfader on the mixer, making them to go ballistic to the extended breakbeat.
Although all the 4 elements of Hip-Hop (graffiti, DJing, breakdancing, and MCing) existed in some form before this, some music historians credit this epic party by DJ Kool Herc as official birthdate of the culture.
However, the birthdate may be disputed as Afrika Bambatta (Universal Zulu Nation Leader) mentions it to be in November 1974 because “everybody got together and got down to the hip-hop music that was being played by all the great pioneers at that time.”
Infact, the Universal Zulu Nation recognises the whole month of November as ‘Hip-Hop History Month!