Will MODERNA work it’s magic?
? USA’s biotech company Moderna did a trial experiment (Phase 1) with a small group of healthy volunteers in March.
? The potential vaccine contains genetic material called messenger RNA (mRNA), that was produced in a lab.
? The mRNA is a genetic code that tells cells what to build –
In this case, an antigen that may induce an immune response to the virus.
? The research conducted showed that the vaccine was safe with minimum side effects.
? All the volunteers produced antibodies against COVID-19, similar to the immune response seen in people who have been infected by the virus and recovered.
? If the vaccine is found to be effective and safe to use, it could potentially be ready for the market in early 2021.
? Moderna is developing the vaccine in conjunction with the NIAID’s Vaccine Research Center.
What are Vaccines?
? Vaccines are like a training course that prepares the immune system to recognise & fight Pathogens
(virus or bacteria) without exposing it to disease symptoms.
? This is done by introducing Antigens (molecules of the killed or weakened pathogens) in the body artificially in the form of an injections or orally to produce antibodies against the main disease,
? When foreign invaders such as bacteria or viruses enter the body, immune cells called lymphocytes respond by producing antibodies.
? Vaccines are now seen as the best and perhaps only hope of stopping or even slowing a disease like