Under The Sea

Ocean Zones

Did you know the Ocean is divided into 5 different layers just like a piece of cake?

These Ocean Zones are called the:
?Sunlight Zone
?Twilight Zone
?Midnight Zone
?Abyssal Zone
?Hadal Zone (Trench)

The zones are distinguished based on how far sunlight can travel from the ocean’s surface.

Take a deep breath as we take you to the bottom of the sea.

Sunlight Zone (Layer 1)
• About 0-650 feet deep
• Marine life: Vast majority like shark, tuna, jellyfish, sea turtles, stingrays, pufferfish, plants, etc
• Water temperature is relatively warm.
• This zone gets sunlight

Twilight Zone (Layer 2)
• About 650-3500 feet deep
• Marine life: lantern fish, rattalk fish, hatchet fish, viperfish, crabs, lobsters, etc
• Water temperature is cold.
• This zone is dimly lit

Midnight Zone (Layer 3)
• About 3500 feet – sea floor
• Marine life: angler fish, tripod fish, sea cucumber, snipe eel, opposom shrimp, etc
• Water temperature is close to freezing
• This zone is has total darkness with the exception of the light emitted from bioluminescence (emission of light by marine life)

Abyssal Zone – Abyss (Layer 4)
• About 13,000 feet – sea floor
• Marine life: anglerfish, deep sea jellyfish, deep sea shrimp, cookiecutter shark, tripod fish, and abyssal octopus
(dumbo octopus)
• Water temperature is extremely cold-near freezing.
• This zone is pitch dark

Hadal Zone – Trench (Layer 5)
• Deepest part of ocean lying within oceanic trenches
• Marine life: starfish, worms, etc
• Water temperature is just a few degrees above freezing
• This zone has no light

Cool Facts:
? The CHALLENGER DEEP is the deepest known point on Earth’s seabed which is located in the Mariana Trench (Pacific Ocean). This region of the ocean (Hadal Zone) is one of the least explored parts of our planet.
? More people have been on the moon than have visited this area of the ocean.
? The HADAL SNAILFISH is said to be the world’s deepest dwelling fish. It is small, pink and completely scaleless. Its skin is so transparent that you can see right through to its liver.

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